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An insurance 'crisis'

The word “crisis” is a favorite among commentators describing Florida’s home insurance market, which has seen a huge drop in insurance availability and a counter surge in prices in recent years.

This has left many homeowners in the state struggling to find financially feasible insurance options, leaving some to face an impossible choice.

“You either pay it or you roll the dice,” Phil James of Lee County told NBC2 News. “If a catastrophe does happen, you'll lose more.”

There are multiple factors, both natural and man-made, that have driven up the cost of home insurance in Florida.

First, extreme weather like hurricanes, tropical storms and flooding have triggered historically high catastrophe costs in recent years. And with sticky inflation, elevated interest rates, labor and material shortages, the property insurance claims as a result of those weather disasters have grown more expensive and tougher for insurers to manage.

On top of that, insurers in the state have struggled to cope with excessive fraud and costly litigation, often revolving around bogus property damage claims. Florida is said to account for 79% of all homeowners insurance lawsuits over claims filed nationwide — and yet Florida’s insurers receive only 9% of all U.S. homeowners insurance claims, according to the Florida governor’s Office.

Up against such challenges, insurers have struggled to run viable businesses in Florida and several have exited the state, either by choice or through liquidation. Those still soldiering on have hiked their rates and become far more selective about what risks they’re willing to insure, leaving some residents in a tough bind.

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Finding a fix

Floridians who find themselves barred or priced out of the conventional insurance market can access coverage through the state-backed insurer of last resort, Citizens Property Insurance.

And those desperate to cling to their homes have turned to Citizens in their hordes. As of Feb. 29, Citizens had over 1,169,427 policies in force, with total premiums surpassing $4 billion and a total exposure of around $522.2 billion.

To cover its ever-mounting costs, Citizens hiked its premiums by an average of 11.5% at the end of 2023 — but that has not stopped Florida governor Ron DeSantis repeating concerns about the state-backed insurer’s solvency.

“We can’t have millions of people on [Citizens], because if a storm hits, it’s going to cause problems for the state,” he told CNBC on Feb. 27.

He also said at a news conference he’d like to offer Floridians home insurance for just one dollar a year, but reiterated that the state doesn’t set insurance rates.

While insurers and lawmakers butt heads over how to fix Florida’s insurance crisis, residents are just rolling with it — in Rose’s case, quite literally.

“Things could be worse,” she said, adding that she’s “happy” to have a space to call home in her minivan.


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About the Author

Bethan Moorcraft

Bethan Moorcraft


Bethan Moorcraft is a reporter for Moneywise with experience in news editing and business reporting across international markets.

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