9 states do not tax personal income
New Hampshire doesn’t tax wages but does tax dividends and interest
Tennessee stopped taxing dividends and interest in 2021
25 states exempt military retirement income
Arizona stopped taxing military retirement in 2021
Nebraska stopped taxing military retirement in 2022
North Carolina stopped taxing military retirement in 2021
Utah stopped taxing military retirement income in 2021
2 states (plus D.C.) fully tax retirement income
Washington, D.C. ended a $3,000 exclusion for military pensions in 2015
7 states spare a portion of military retirement income
If you’re a veteran between the ages of 55 and 64, you can exclude up to $20,000 from your taxable income.
Those 65 and over can exclude up to $24,000. Those under 55 can exclude $10,000 in the 2021 tax year.
In the 2021 tax year, up to $6,250 of military retirement income is exempt off the top, plus 75% of retirement pay over that.
Starting with the 2022 tax year, military retirement benefits will be fully deductible.
Military pensions are fully exempt for service members who retired before 1997.
Otherwise, up to $31,110 in public pension income is tax-free (down from $41,110 before 2018).
The first $5,000 of military retirement income is tax-free, and that amount increases to $15,000 when you turn 55.
Those over age 65, or who are totally disabled or who have a spouse who is totally disabled, may get additional tax breaks. For 2021, the maximum deduction for pensions is $34,300, minus any Social Security benefits.
Either 75% or $10,000 of your retirement pay is tax free, whichever is greater.
You may be eligible to deduct a portion of your retirement pay if you served before Oct. 1, 1991. If you didn’t, your military retirement is taxed normally.
If you’re under 65, your deduction is limited to $17,500. You need to be earning other income to get this deal; otherwise only $3,000 will be exempt.
If you’re 65 or older, you can deduct $30,000, without any need for additional income.
7 states spare a portion of general retirement income
If you’re under the age of 60, you can exclude up to $2,000.
Those over the age of 60 can exclude up to $12,500.
The state offers no special exemption for veterans but allows anyone who is permanently disabled or between the ages of 62 and 64 to exempt $35,000 of their retirement income. That number is $65,000 for those over age 65.
If you’re 65 or older — or disabled and at least 62 — your public pension may be partially exempt.
Up to $34,332 may be exempt for single filers (or $51,498 for joint filers), but those figures will be reduced by other retirement benefits you receive, like Social Security. The limits change each year.
This state does provide an exemption for pensions, but only for a few thousand dollars and only if your income is relatively low.
For the 2020 tax year, single filers with a federal AGI below $38,605 (or $40,790 for joint filers) were able to spare up to $4,370.
All seniors 65 and older can get a tax deduction of up to $8,000, depending on their income level. (Those 100 or older who are not dependents are fully exempt.)
Seniors can also get thousands in exemptions and credits for unreimbursed medical expenses.
This state fully taxes military retirement income, with an exception for Congressional Medal of Honor recipients.
However, it provides seniors born before Jan. 1, 1939 with a tax deduction of $12,000. For anyone 65 or older born after that date, the deduction is reduced by $1 for every $1 of their federal AGI that exceeds $50,000 (or $75,000 for married couples).
The Ocean State offers some residents who have reached their full Social Security retirement age a $15,000 exclusion for retirement plans.
For the 2021 tax year, single filers with a federal AGI above $87,200 (or $109,050 for married couples) are not eligible.
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Living on a fixed income can be a real challenge, even if you are getting a significant tax break. Make sure you're not paying more than you need to.
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