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How it all unfolded

Earlier this month, Musk revealed that he had purchased more than 83 million shares of Twitter, giving him a 9.2% stake. That massive investment gave the Tesla CEO the opportunity to join Twitter’s board, but he later informed the company that he wouldn’t be taking the seat.

Instead, Musk offered to buy the whole company for $54.20 per share, calling it his “best and final offer.” Twitter's board of directors reacted by adopting a shareholder rights plan known as a “poison pill” — a defense strategy that aims to dilute the ownership interest of a hostile party.

Musk then laid out the details of his plan. In an SEC filing last Thursday, the billionaire entrepreneur said that he would fund the transaction with $25.5 billion in loans and $21 billion in personal equity.

Musk’s offer eventually won over the decision-makers at Twitter: At $54.20 per share, the price represents a 38% premium to Twitter’s closing share price on the day before Musk first revealed his stake in the company.

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Twitter to become private

Twitter has been a public company since its IPO in November 2013. But unlike other big-name tech stocks, Twitter shares haven’t performed well in recent years.

Prior to Musk disclosing his stake, Twitter shares traded at similar levels to where they were in late 2013 — when the company first went public. That’s likely one of the biggest reasons why Twitter finally accepted Musk’s offer.

“Twitter has extraordinary potential. I will unlock it,” Musk wrote.

The deal is subject to the approval of Twitter stockholders, certain regulatory approvals and the satisfaction of customary closing conditions. Once the transaction is complete, Twitter will become a private company.

Changes are coming

In March, Musk polled his Twitter followers: “Free speech is essential to a functioning democracy. Do you believe Twitter rigorously adheres to this principle?”

More than two million Twitter users responded to the poll, with 70.4% voting “no.”

Now, Musk can take matters into his own hands.

“Free speech is the bedrock of a functioning democracy, and Twitter is the digital town square where matters vital to the future of humanity are debated,” Musk said in Monday’s press release. “I also want to make Twitter better than ever by enhancing the product with new features, making the algorithms open source to increase trust, defeating the spam bots, and authenticating all humans.”

It’s earnings season and Twitter is scheduled to report Q1 results on Thursday, Apr. 28 before the bell. But due to the pending transaction, the company has canceled its earnings conference call.

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About the Author

Jing Pan

Jing Pan

Investment Reporter

Jing is an investment reporter for MoneyWise. Prior to joining the team, he was a research analyst and editor at one of the leading financial publishing companies in North America. An avid advocate of investing for passive income, he wrote a monthly dividend stock newsletter for the better half of the past decade. Jing holds a Master’s Degree in Economics and an Honours Bachelor of Science Degree, both from the University of Toronto.

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