Who needs to refinance?
An estimated 60% of homeowners with mortgages can chop down their interest rates by at least one-half of one percentage point by refinancing, Fannie Mae says.
"The impact of the low rate environment is that it will lock in many households with low rates for a long time lowering their overall housing costs," says Doug Duncan, chief economist at Fannie Mae.
Here's an example of how that works: A 30-year, $250,000 mortgage at 3.5% has a monthly payment of $1,122 and lifetime interest costs of about $154,000. The same loan at 3% — a half-point lower — has a monthly payment of $1,054 and lifetime interest of around $129,000.
With the lower mortgage rate, you'd save over $800 a year and roughly $25,000 over the life of the loan.
The numbers are even better if you're among the millions who could make even bigger cuts in their mortgage rates by refinancing.
Some 16.3 million homeowners can shave at least three-quarters of a point (0.75) off their rates through a refi — like go from 3.9% down to 3% — and lower their monthly loan payments by an average $283, the mortgage data firm Black Knight recently said.
To achieve those kinds of savings, a refinance candidate should have a 30-year loan, a credit score of 720 or higher, and at least 20% equity in the home, according to Black Knight.
Haven't refinanced yet? You need to catch up
"Some homeowners are in a position to benefit from a refinance even if they already refinanced in the past year," says Matthew Graham, chief operating officer with Mortgage News Daily.
Many have been heeding the call to refinance their mortgages and save. Lenders are dealing with more than double the number of refinance loans this year as they were in 2019.
From January through April 2020, homeowners refinanced more than 1.9 billion mortgages worth $576 billion, says CoreLogic, a real estate data company. Those numbers are up from the 754 million loans with a value of about $203 billion that were refinanced in the first four months of 2019.
Just under a quarter of this year's refinances have been cash-out refis, where homeowners tap into the equity they've already paid into their homes by borrowing more than the outstanding balances on their loans.
People use cash-out refinances to pay for home renovations or meet other financial goals, like paying off high-interest credit debt.
But there are better options that won't put your house at risk if circumstances change and you can't pay off the loan. For example, you could take care of your credit card debt by rolling it into a low-interest debt consolidation loan.
Do you need to hurry to refinance? Yes and no
Mortgage rates have gone to places they've never been before in large part because of the Federal Reserve's extraordinary measures to try to hoist the economy out of its coronavirus recession.
America's central bank has slashed a key interest rate down to just about zero and has been buying up Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities. Those are home loans bundled together into investments similar to bonds.
Rates on home loans are likely to go even lower next year, says Duncan, with Fannie Mae.
"The 30-year fixed rate mortgage loan could see a rate, on average, of as low as 2.75%. Some pristine, no-risk borrowers could see mortgage rates at 2.5%," he says.
But Duncan says don't wait around. He tells homebuyers if they find a loan today that fits their family budget, "then it's a good time to buy."
The advice for homeowners is similar: If you spot a loan with a substantially lower rate, then pounce — and start taking advantage of the savings. Compare loan offers from several lenders to find your best deal, because rates can vary widely between different lenders.
Be sure to take the same approach when it's time to renew your homeowners insurance. Go online, get several home insurance quotes and review them side by side to get the right coverage at the right price.