30-year mortgages

Young woman walking dog in modern residential houses neighborhood street in Bentonville, Northwest Arkansas, sunny flare day lifestyle
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The average rate on a 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage has increased to 3.17%, up from 3.09% last week, mortgage giant Freddie Mac reported on Thursday. Rates were higher for the sixth week in a row.

"Since January, mortgage rates have increased half a percentage point from historic lows and home prices have risen, leaving potential homebuyers with less purchasing power," says Sam Khater, Freddie Mac’s chief economist, in a news release.

It’s important to keep the latest rate jump in perspective. Mortgage rates are still far below what they were 20, 10 and even one year ago, when they averaged 3.50%, according to Freddie Mac. The company has been surveying mortgage rates on a weekly basis for 50 years.

Though it’s a seller’s market across much of the country, persistent buyers can still lock in a favorable rate. And, homeowners still have opportunities to refinance and reduce their monthly mortgage payments — potentially by hundreds of dollars.

15-year mortgages

The average rate on a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage has risen to 2.45% this week, from 2.40%, Freddie Mac says.

The shorter-term loans, which usually have lower rates than their 30-year siblings, are cheaper than they were a year ago, when they averaged 2.92%.

Tim Lucas, an editor at The Mortgage Reports, urges borrowers not to wait.

"With more and more Americans getting vaccinated, and spring weather enticing us outside, the economy is just beginning to heat up," he writes. “The faster it accelerates, the faster mortgage rates will rise."

5/1 adjustable-rate mortgages

The 5/1-year adjustable-rate mortgage is averaging 2.84%, up from 2.79% last week but down from 3.34% a year ago, according to Freddie Mac's survey, which is focused on borrowers who put 20% down and have excellent credit.

Adjustable-rate mortgages — or ARMs — rise or fall after a period of time that's determined when you take out the loan.

If you have one of these mortgages, you’ll want to explore your ability to refinance your ARM into a more attractive fixed rate.

Is there a chance mortgage rates could fall?

Housing market concept image with graph
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Mortgage News Daily, which tracks daily market fluctuations, reports rates have fallen to their lowest level in nearly two weeks, but that it’s too early to say whether the trend will continue. On Thursday, MND pegged the average for a 30-year fixed-rate loan at 3.31%, down from 3.45% a week earlier.

"Much remains to be seen as to whether this is the start of a broader reversal for rates or just another in a long line of false starts," MND's Matthew Graham says in a post. "Eventually, one of these friendly bounces will have staying power."

Danielle Hale, chief economist for Realtor.com, says the uptick in rates is likely to continue as more people get their shots and stimulus checks, helping the economy strengthen and drawing investors out of bonds and into stocks.

“However concerns about a possible new wave of COVID in Europe and what that might mean for cases in the U.S. could foreshadow a pause in rate increases — even if brief — in the weeks ahead," Hale says, in a note responding to the Freddie Mac survey.

Why it's a good time to secure a new mortgage or a refi

Better mortgage rates.
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Though recent data shows homeowners have pulled back on refinancing their loans, 11.1 million mortgage holders can still lower their monthly payments by an average $277, according to a new report from the mortgage technology and data provider Black Knight.

Are you among the millions? You're in the sweet spot if you've got a 30-year mortgage, have at least 20% equity in your home, can boast a credit score of 720 or higher and could reduce your mortgage rate by at least three-quarters of 1 percentage point (0.75) through a refinance.

If you decide to refi — or are buying a home — be sure to compare rates from multiple lenders. Five lenders seems to be the magic number to get the best deal on a mortgage.

And when a refinance leaves you with some discretionary cash, consider investing the savings. There’s an app that will invest your leftover change from everyday purchases — even if you do most of your shopping with plastic.

About the Author

Nancy Sarnoff

Nancy Sarnoff

Senior Reporter/Editor

Nancy Sarnoff is a senior reporter and editor at MoneyWise. Previously, she covered commercial and residential real estate for the Houston Chronicle where she also hosted Looped In, a podcast about the region’s growth, development and economy. Her work has been recognized by the National Association of Real Estate Editors and the Society of American Business Editors and Writers.

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